Cultivation tips for sowing rye
Sowing - the foundation for your success
The establishment of an optimal rye population before winter is based on the plant density per m². From the probable field emergence - minus the expected plant losses over winter - results in the seed rate at the site. Thin stocks are better to "lead" than thick and overgrown ones. The goal should always be to establish uniform rye stocks, since:
- only these form few subsequent buds,
- Thus ensuring a uniform flowering and a high fertilisation rate .
- The risk of infestation with Ergot can hereby be effectively minimised.
When is the optimal sowing period for rye? Basically, many years of experience on site show the optimum period, with sowing conditions setting the decisive date.
- In Germany, the sowing time is between the 27 August and 12 October.
- The main period is 7 to 24 September.
The optimal sowing depth is 2 to 3 cm. The saying "Rye wants to see the sky" is not to be taken literally in the current state of the art. Modern sowing technique allows more and more precise storage.
Seed strength – rule of thumb for sowing
The following seed strengths have proved successful:
- Between 150 and 250. Grains/m² at Hybrid rye, whereby the maximum economic yield germinates depending on soil condition and sowing time of between 170 and 200 bacterial grains/m² is achieved.
- Between 180 and 300. Grains/m² at Population rye
Overview of general seed rate recommendations of KWS rye varieties
|Variety||KWS BINNTTO||KWS ETERNO||KWS SERAFINO*||KWS EDMONDO*||KWS DANIELLO||KWS GATANO||KWS BONO||CONDUCT|
|Early / normal sowing||180||180||180||180||180||170||180||200|
|Normal / late sowing||220||220||220||220||220||210||220||250|
* variety approved in the EU